Brunello Wine it’s the most important Tuscan Red Wine and its history starting in the mid of 1800 with Clemente Santi, the father of Brunello’s Clone. Brunello wine is protected by the D.O.C (Denomination of Controlled and Guaranteed Origin) and it is produced on Municipality of Montalcino’s (SI) Territory with grapes of 100% Sangiovese Grosso.
The refinement of this wine must be, obligatory by law, of 2 years in casks of oak and at least 4 months in bottle and can not be released for consumption before January 1st of the year following the end of the 5 years , calculated considering the vintage year of the harvest. Instead, about Brunello of Montalcino RISERVA the refinement of this wine must be, obligatory by law, of 2 years in casks of oak and at least 6 months in bottle and can not be released for consumption before January 1st of the year following the end of the 6 years , calculated considering the vintage year of the harvest.
The vinification, conservation, refining in wood, refining in bottle and bottling operations must be carried out just in the production area. Brunello of Montalcino must be released for the consumption in Bordeaux-style bottles of dark glass and closed with cork stopper. Brunello Wine its an AGING wine, of long, long life.
In Montalcino, it is also produced a Red Wine of Montalcino that is a younger wine, easy on the palate, persuasive, with a good structure and intented for quick consumption. Among the exceptional years for Brunello (5 Stars), we remember the most recent: 1988, 1990, 1995, 1997, 1998, 2004, 2006 e 2010.
Chianti territory is the largest area in Italy for the production of wine and is divided into the two denominations of: Chianti wine and Chianti Classico wine, a second of the origin area. The Chianti area, today, it’s included between the provinces of Arezzo, Florence, Pisa, Pistoia, Prato e Siena. Historically, the boundaries of the Chianti production area were in a specific zone between the cities of Florence and Siena.
Arose some Identity problems, when the production of Chianti wine became insufficient to cope with the growing demand; the neighboring territories began, in fact, to produce wine using systems and grapes of the Chianti area. This imitation necessitated the birth of a control body to protect plagiarism (a Consortium was born in 1924). Subsequently, also the Italian government intervened, establishing a ministerial decree to differentiate the Chianti produced in the delimited area (since 1716) by all the rest, adding the suffix "Classico".
Classico is not just a simple adjective but there is a difference between Chianti wine and Chianti Classico wine. Classico means "The First", "The Original". It is defined Chianti that produced outside the geographical borders of the historic Chianti, while the Chianti Classico wine is produced within the area of origin called "Chianti".
Chianti and Chianti Classico have 2 distinct denominations (DOCG - Denomination of Controlled and Guaranteed Origin), with different production specifications, different production areas and 2 different Protection Consortium. Chianti Classico (Greve in Chianti, Castellina in Chianti, Radda in Chianti, Gaiole in Chianti etc) must be produced with at least 80% of Sangiovese with addition of complementary vines exclusively of red berrei. Instead, Chianti Wine requires at least 70% of Sangiovese plus, in addition a maximum of 10% of white grapes.
Nobile Wine of Montepulciano is one of the oldest wines in Italy (we have the first citations in a document of 789). It’s Red Wine protected by the "DOCG" (Denomination of Controlled and Guaranteed Origin) and it is produced on the territory of the Municipality of Montepulciano in the Province of Siena (NOT to be confused with Montepulciano D’Abruzzo).
Nobile Wine, is produced with a particular Sangiovese clone that in Montepulciano, takes the name of "Prugnolo Gentile" because gives at the wine a strong scent of plum. The secret of this wine is the land: an alternation of sands and clays which, when mixed, create ideal conditions for producing structured wines, scented and with fine tannins.
Nobile Wine, is produced with a minimum percentage of 70% of Prugnolo Gentile (Sangiovese) and in addition, grapes such as Canaiolo for a maximum of 25% and in addition, a maximum of 5% of white grapes of other varieties authorized by province of Siena. Nobile Wine of Montepulciano DOCG undergoes a period of maturation of at least 2 years, while, to obtain the qualification "Reserve", it’s necessary the refinement for at least 3 years of which 6 months in bottle.
In Montepulciano, it is also produced a Red Wine of Montepulciano that is very similar to Nobile Wine but it’s a younger wine, intended for consumption only after a short period of aging. Among the exceptional years for Nobile, we remember the most recent: 1990, 1995, 1997, 1999, 2006, 2007, 2012, 2015.
The Sagrantino is an autochthonous Italian grape of Umbria, used in the production of the best wines of the region. The origins of the vine are still debated but an accredited theory considers it originated in Greece and imported into Italy by Byzantine monks.
It grows mainly in the territories surrounding the Municipality of Montefalco. The production area includes the entire territory of the Municipality of Montefalco and part of the territories of the Municipalities of Bevagna, Gualdo Cattaneo, Castel Ritaldi and Giano dell'Umbria. The wine that is produced is very renowned on the world, famous for its great intensity, concentration and aging capacity thanks to the high polyphenolic content.
It is protected by the DOCG mark (Denomination of Controlled and Guaranteed Origin) since 1992. Sagrantino di Montefalco DOCG, requires 100% Sagrantino grape with a minimum of 30 months of aging and at least, 12 of these in wooden barrels (some producers use barrique barrels). The grape is one of the most tannic varieties in the world and gives rise to wines of Violet / Black color. Among the best recent years there are: 1993, 1995, 1998, 2005,2008.
Supertuscan wines are very recent when compared to the millennial history of wine in Tuscany. Supertuscan (or Super Tuscan) are defined as red wines produced in Tuscany that do not respect the traditional rules of preparation of the region on the Chianti Classico but use other types of grapes, especially Cabernet Sauvignon, in addition to /or to replacing the traditional Sangiovese and therefore CAN NOT be classified as DOCG products (Controlled and Guaranteed Denomination of Origin).
At the end of the 60s, the Marquis Incisa Della Rocchetta was the first to decide not to be restricted by disciplinary and to experiment with new roads and with the help of the famous oenologist Giacomo Tachis, produced the "Sassicaia", the precursor of the SuperTuscan. The land near Bolgheri, in the northern Maremma, in which it was and is produced Sassicaia, has rocky characteristics, very similar to the Greves area, near Bordeaux. This made it not very suitable for Sangiovese but was perfect for high quality international grapes such as: Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Franc, from which it would be possible to obtain great red wines, long-lived and structured.
The Marquis's intuition was to contrast the Chianti Classico with a new concept of Tuscan Wine and chose to do it without the Sangiovese and to use non- autochthonous grapes like those from Bordeaux. In this way, the first real SuperTuscan was born, the "Tignanello" of the Marchese Antinori (Marquis), which combined the Sangiovese with the Cabernet Sauvignon. These wines were sold with the simple wording of "table wines" and only subsequently, since 1992, was introduced in Italy the denomination IGT (Typical Geographical Indication) to which many SuperTuscan producers adhered.
In 1985 the “Sassicaia” of the Marquis Incisa Della Rocchetta, was elected best wine in the world! The basic requirements for this type of wine are: it must be a wine produced with a Bordeaux blend (then with Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot or Cabernet Franc but NEVER or rarely with autochthonous grapes), must NOT belong to a historical Tuscan DOC or DOCG but must, instead, having adhered to the denomination "IGT" (Only Sassicaia has a specific and exclusive certification, the DOC SASSICAIA). Aging lasts from 12 to 24 months in French casks of oak.
The origins of Syrah are controversial. Today it is considered by many, a vine imported from France. It is however likely that it has Middle Eastern origins or according to another theory, it derives from the Sicilian city of Syracuse.
Today this vine is cultivated in almost all wine-growing territory on the world: France (Rhone), Italy, California, Australia, etc., but finds its best expression in France and in Italy. In the latter, the Syrah is cultivated with good results in many regions, in particular in the Cortona countryside (Tuscany). Here, it has been present for a long time and has deserved also a "denomination of controlled origin" (DOC) with mention of the Vine.
The "Syrah Cortona Doc" wine is produced with at least 85% of Syrah grapes plus the eventual addition of 15% of other non aromatic red grapes and suitable for cultivation in Tuscany. Cortona DOC wines must undergo a maturation period of at least 24 months (minimum 12 months in wood and 4 months in bottle).
The best recent years have certainly been the 2006 and 2010.